Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS) Project was conceived by Ministry of Home Affairs in 2009, for inter-linking all police stations under a common application software for the purpose of investigation, data analytics and providing Citizen Services.Since 2004, Ministry of Home Affairs was running a project- Common Integrated Police Application (CIPA) as a component of the “Modernisation of State Police Forces (MPF)” that aimed at computerization of crime records in police stations on a stand-alone basis. Realizing the need for setting up of a national database of crime records to facilitate research and policy making,CCTNS was conceived. The total approved outlay of the project is Rs. 2000 Crore. Under this project, The Central Government is providing funds to States/UTs for hardware, CCTNS software, connectivity, system integration, data digitization, project management and manpower training. A National level portal “Digital Police Portal” is being launched as part of the project for States, Central investigation agencies and Citizens.They will be able to access Search and Reports on National crime records as per their authorization.
National Crime Records Bureau, an attached office of Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India was established in 1986 with a mandate to empower Indian Police with information technology solutions and criminal intelligence to enable them to enforce the law effectively.
The computerization of the police forces in India started in 1971. NCRB started CCIS in the year 1995, CIPA in 2004 and finally CCTNS in 2009. The CCTNS connects approximately 15373 police stations and 6000 higher offices in the country.
CCTNS once fully functional, will allow search for a criminal / suspect on a national data base apart from providing various services to the citizens through Citizen Portal.
In future, it is also proposed to connect Police, Courts, Prosecution, Prisons and Forensic Labs into an Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) for facilitating data exchange between the various pillars of criminal justice system.
NCRB also compiles and publishes National Crime Statistics i.e. Crime in India, Accidental Deaths & Suicides, Prison Statistics and Finger Prints. These publications serve as principal reference points by policy makers, police, criminologists, researchers and media both in India and abroad.
NCRB has also floated various IT based Public Services like, Vahan Samanvyay (online Motor Vehicle Matching), Talash ( matching of missing persons and dead bodies). In addition, NCRB also maintains Counterfeit Currency Information and Management System (FICN) and Colour Portrait Building System (CBPS).
NCRB has recently received “Digital India Award 2016-Silver Open Data Championship” from the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, Government of India for uploading of Crime Statistics since 1965 on website.
The Central Finger Print Bureau established in 1955, is also embedded in NCRB and is a national repository of all fingerprints in the country and has more than one million ten digit finger prints data base of criminals (both convicted and arrested), provides for search facility on FACTS (Fingerprint Analysis and Criminal Tracing System). It is proposed to upgrade to NAFIS in near future so that police stations will be able to send finger prints/ fire queries directly online to NCRB.
NCRB also assists various States in capacity building in the area of Finger Prints, CCTNS, Network security and Digital Forensics through its training centers in Delhi and Kolkata. NCRB has conducted more than 877 training programmes and trained approximately 16172 officers till date including foreign law enforcement officers (1519 foreign officers from 95 countries).